Burmese military chiefs must face genocide charges, says UN

Burmese military chiefs must face genocide charges, says UN

Burmese military chiefs must face genocide charges, says UN

Investigators, working under a mandate from the UN-backed Human Rights Council, called for an global investigation, for the Security Council to impose targeted sanctions and an arms embargo on the entire country.

The report recommends the case be referred to the International Criminal Court in the Hague, or for an ad hoc tribunal to be created to investigate the actions of the alleged perpetrators.

They blamed the country's de facto civilian leader, Nobel Peace Prize victor Aung San Suu Kyi, for failing to use her "moral authority" to protect civilians.

Packer said Myanmar has at least $12 billion in exports annually, and that powerful people, including military generals, benefit financially from foreign investments.

Facebook deleted the accounts of these officials after the report's release, as well as other pages associated with the Myanmar military.

Government spokesman Zaw Htay was not available for comment.

The report named six high-ranking military officials, including Sr.

Numerous human rights violations committed in Myanmar "undoubtedly amount to the gravest crimes under worldwide law", finds the report, delivered days after the one-year anniversary of a horrific outburst of violence in Myanmar's Rakhine state that, in the ensuing months, prompted almost 725,000 people to flee.

The Army's tactics were "consistently and grossly disproportionate to actual security threats", it said.

Suu Kyi's government has rejected most allegations of atrocities made against the security forces by refugees. "They are killers. They must be punished", said Mohammed Hasan, 46, who lives in the Kutupalong refugee camp.

Criticism was also directed at Myanmar's civilian leader Aung San Suu Kyi, a Nobel Peace Prize laureate who has been widely attacked for a perceived failure to stand up for the stateless minority. Such a designation is rare, but has been used in countries including Bosnia, Rwanda and Sudan.

On the contrary, the civilian authorities have spread false narratives; denied the Tatmadaw's wrongdoing; blocked independent investigations, including of the Fact-Finding Mission; and overseen destruction of evidence. The list included Commander-in-Chief Ming Aung Hlaing and his deputy.

Rae says the report took so long to come out because the United Nations team has been diligent in verifying their findings. "And that is the role of the commander-in-chief, Min Aung Hlaing".

The fact-finders dismissed the government and security forces' claims that the operation was a legitimate response to attacks by Rohingya insurgents on police outposts on August 25. The court had been due to deliver a verdict on Monday, but at a brief hearing postponed the hearings until September 3.

They should also be investigated and prosecuted for "crimes against humanity and war crimes" against the Rohingya in Rakhine, as well as against other minorities in the northern Kachin and Shan States, the mission said in a report.

"We do not have a copy of a direct order that says "undertake genocide tomorrow please". The U.S. already maintains restrictions on visas, arms sales and assistance to Myanmar's military.

The panel, set up past year, interviewed 875 victims and witnesses in Bangladesh and other countries, and analyzed documents, videos, photographs and satellite images.

The report said the situation was a "catastrophe looming for decades", and an inevitable result of "severe, systemic and institutionalised oppression from birth to death".

It's not known how many Rohingya have died as the result of the attacks, but the United Nations team says an estimate of 10,000 deaths is "conservative".

As NPR's Colin Dwyer reported earlier this month, "The Trump administration's sanctions were quickly criticized for aiming at the middle tiers of Myanmar's security apparatus and leaving its highest rungs untouched". The removed pages and accounts had a total of nearly 12 million followers. Instead, civilian authorities have spread false narratives, allowed hate speech to flourish, and blocked independent investigations, the report says.

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